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For other uses, please see Samar (disambiguation).

Samar, formerly Western Samar, is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Bordering the province to the north is Northern Samar and to the east is Eastern Samar. Samar is connected to Leyte via the San Juanico Bridge, which spans the San Juanico Strait, the narrowest strait in the country. To the south of the province is the Leyte Gulf. Catbalogan and Calbayog are the only two cities of the province, with Catbalogan City as its capital.

Province of Samar
Ph seal samar.png
Ph locator map samar.png
Region Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)
Governor Milagrosa T. Tan
Barangays 951
Physical characteristics
Area 5,591.0 km²
(13th largest)
Total (2000) 641,124
(38th largest)
Density 115/km²
(17th lowest)


People and culture

The native language of the majority in Samar province is Waray-Waray (also known as Waray, L(in)eyte-Samarnon, or Samar-Leyte Visayan). However, in the island municipalities of Almagro and Santo Niño, Cebuano is the native tongue.


The inhabitants of this province rely mainly on agriculture and fishing as a means of livelihood. The major agricultural products are copra, abaca and a coconut wine known as "uba" in the local dialect.


Samar island occupies the eastern portion of the Philippines. It lies southeast of Luzon and occupies the northernmost section of Eastern Visayas. It is separated from Luzon on the north by San Bernardino Strait and from Leyte on the southwest by the narrow San Juanico Strait. It is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the south by Leyte Gulf and on the west by the Samar Sea.


Samar is subdivided into 24 municipalities and 2 cities.




The coastal areas are characterized by flatlands and low rolling hills. This area is ususally where the majority of the population live. The inner areas of this province are very mountainous and rugged, but are very beautiful. Streams, rivers, and lakes are very abundant and there is no shortage of water.


The explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, first came to the island in 1543 and named it Las Islas Felipinas.

External links

See also

Flag of the Philippines.png Philippines
Capital Manila | National Capital Region
Provinces Abra | Agusan del Norte | Agusan del Sur | Aklan | Albay | Antique | Apayao | Aurora | Basilan | Bataan | Batanes | Batangas | Benguet | Biliran | Bohol | Bukidnon | Bulacan | Cagayan | Camarines Norte | Camarines Sur | Camiguin | Capiz | Catanduanes | Cavite | Cebu | Compostela Valley | Cotabato | Davao del Norte | Davao del Sur | Davao Oriental | Dinagat Islands | Eastern Samar | Guimaras | Ifugao | Ilocos Norte | Ilocos Sur | Iloilo | Isabela | Kalinga | La Union | Laguna | Lanao del Norte | Lanao del Sur | Leyte | Maguindanao | Marinduque | Masbate | Misamis Occidental | Misamis Oriental | Mountain Province | Negros Occidental | Negros Oriental | Northern Samar | Nueva Ecija | Nueva Vizcaya | Occidental Mindoro | Oriental Mindoro | Palawan | Pampanga | Pangasinan | Quezon | Quirino | Rizal | Romblon | Samar | Sarangani | Shariff Kabunsuan | Siquijor | Sorsogon | South Cotabato | Southern Leyte | Sultan Kudarat | Sulu | Surigao del Norte | Surigao del Sur | Tarlac | Tawi-Tawi | Zambales | Zamboanga del Norte | Zamboanga del Sur | Zamboanga Sibugay
Other subdivisions Island groups | Regions | Cities | Municipalities | Barangays | Legislative districts
Sabah | Scarborough Shoal | Spratly Islands

Original Source

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